As we all know that verbs are an important part of any language. Building a sentence without any action in it becomes a hideous task, both for the speaker and the listener. Hence, it can be said that the verbs in Sanskrit language increase the efficiency of the sentence in terms of communicating with the other person.
Similarly, in Sanskrit too, verbs play an important part. Just like nouns, the verb has also some distinct characteristics that make it more efficient to use. So let us take a look at some of them;

1. Verb endings and numbers

The ending of the verb plays an important role in defining the sentence and the role of the verb in the sentence. Let’s take an example, “गच्छामि” which means, “I go”. Now let’s take a look at another example, “गच्छामः” which means that, “we go”. Now you must have noticed that the meaning in both the sentences changed just by a minor change in the word. You can recognize the change in the red bold colour; the bold part is called as verb endings. These endings are based upon the verb numbers, which are of three types; singular, dual, and plural.
Let’s take an example of how these endings work;

गच्छ – to go

         Numbers Singular Dual

 

Plural
Third person गच्छति
gacchati
 – गच्छन्ति
gacchanti
Second person गच्छसि
gacchasi
 –
First person गच्छामि
gacchāmi
गच्छावः
gacchāvaḥ
गच्छामः
gacchāmaḥ

So now you can see in the above table about the working of the verb ending

So now you can see in the above table about the working of the verb endings. The word गच्छ changes according to the number of verbs. The verb for singular is different from dual and plural and vice-versa. The table presented above is in present tense form.
Apart from this, there are other factors too that define the functioning of the verb in a sentence. Let’s take a look at them;

2. Verb roots

Verb roots are essential in order to learn the verbs. It is estimated that there are some 2000 verb roots mentioned in Sanskrit language, out of which, 800 are in use. To find out the verb root of a verb, there are two methods; a traditional method and a modern method. However, the finding of verb roots comes with some advancement in the Sanskrit language. One just can find the verb roots on their first day of learning; hence the modern method was invented in order to be able to find the verb root even at an initial level.
So these were the basics of verbs in the Sanskrit language, however, if you wish to learn more about it than visit the website www.learnsanskritlanguage.com. It will be a remarkable guide for the seekers of Sanskrit language. the website contains a rich content on the language which is free of cost and can be accessed by anyone willing to learn the language.